SCIENTIFIC NAME: Armadillidiidae
What Are Pill Bugs?
Pill Bugs are a land crustacean well-known for their armor-like skull. They are most commonly referred to as Rolly-Pollies because when disturbed, they will roll up into a ball, or a pill shape, to protect themselves. These dark brown or black bugs are usually around ¾ inch long and ovular in shape. If you suspect you may have a pill bug problem and need help identifying the infestation, contact an exterminator.
Fun Facts About Roly Poly Bugs
Pill Bugs go through incomplete metamorphosis, which means they only advance through the egg, nymph, and adult forms throughout their life. The eggs are carried in the marsupium of the mother, and typically hatch after 3 to 4 weeks. After hatching, the nymphs will stay in the marsupium for 2 more weeks, feeding on the mother before entering the world. Throughout the nymph’s development, they will typically molt every 1 to 2 weeks for 5 months. Throughout this time they will fully develop their 7 pairs of legs and 2 antennas. Once they reach adulthood, they can live for 2 to 5 years.
What do Pill Bugs Eat?
Pillbugs thrive in damp environments, preferring to make their main habitat in mulch, fallen leaves, or under rocks. They typically stay in an area with organic materials, as this is their main food source, aiding in the decomposition process. Pillbugs are nocturnal and need humid, dark environments to stay in. During the day they can often be found under wooded areas in the soil which is why they are sometimes referred to as woodlice. In areas with significant rain and damp soil, pillbugs can cause crop damage by feeding on plants such as strawberries, potatoes, spinach, and lettuce. If you notice plant damage that appears to be from pests, a pest control expert can help you determine if you have a pest infestation in your garden.
How do I Get Rid of Roly Poly Bugs?
Prevention is the best method for taking care of pill bugs. Avoiding overwatering plants and ensuring there is no dead plant material left on the ground will take away the primary motivation for a pillbug to stay in the area. Ensuring floor cracks and door entries are sealed will prevent pill bugs from entering your home. Insecticide bait and other chemical formulations can be used to deter pill bugs from residing in your yard. An exterminator can help develop a personalized plan for preventing pill bugs in your house.
For more information or to request a free inspection, contact the trained technicians at Palmetto Exterminators.