While there are quite a few species of roaches in the region, two larger roaches are common: the American cockroach and the Smokybrown cockroach. So how do you tell them apart if you're in the North Carolina or South Carolina region?
American Cockroach (Periplaneta americana) - The American cockroach, also known as the Palmetto Bug, enjoys climbing in Palmetto trees in the Lowcountry. While this bug cannot fly, mature roaches with developed wings can glide through the air. Thus, this roach will climb trees and structures to access roofs, attics, and chimneys to dwell. The American cockroach is a large reddish-brown insect commonly found in warm, humid environments like basements and kitchens. It feeds on a variety of organic matter and reproduces rapidly, laying egg cases containing multiple eggs. Although they can not fly, their wings help them glide through the air, which can appear as flying. These cockroaches can carry pathogens and allergens, posing health risks to humans. Control methods include sanitation, habitat modification, and insecticide treatments to prevent infestations and reduce risks.
Smokybrown Cockroach (Periplaneta fuliginosa) - Unlike the longer slimmer American cockroach, the smokybrown roach is thicker, shorter, dark brown, and commonly found in warm, humid environments like wooded areas and basements. They feed on decaying matter and can also be attracted to indoor spaces with water leaks. While they may carry pathogens, control involves reducing moisture and clutter indoors and using insecticides as needed.