The pavement ant is named due to its frequent presence near human-made walkways and structures and is a common visitor around our homes. These ants are attracted to our developments because they will have easily accessible foods within and outside our homes.
The queen pavement ant will create her colony underground and between walls, somewhere close to a food source. Soldier ants will forage for sugary foods and retrieve other insects, oil, and grease as food sources. Pavement ants will eat just about anything, so isolating and eliminating their food sources can be problematic.
Pavement ants go through three life stages, and workers can live up to five years. Only the queen ant lays eggs, which she does in batches of five to 40 per day. Once the new ants emerge from their small, white egg casings, they are juveniles that feed on fruit pulp until they reach the pupal stage. In this stage, they return to encasement and develop into adult pavement ants.
These mature ants range in color from a reddish brown to black, growing up to 4 millimeters long. The alates, or ants that scout for new colony locations have longer wings than the worker ants.
The pavement ant is an extremely territorial insect; if another ant colony tries to move in, the soldiers will fight them to the death, take the losing colony's eggs, and force those enemy hatchlings into becoming slave ants for their colony. If humans get in their way, pavement ants are capable of stinging.
Pavement ants are notoriously difficult to remove, so contacting the professionals at Palmetto may be necessary.